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HIS 301 — The Individual, Family, and Community in Historic Perspective


Contact Information

Carol Dales


The Library Homepage

Finding Books & the Checkout Process

Primary and Secondary Sources

Finding Primary Sources at CSUDH

Identify, locating, and citing scholarly and peer reviewed journal articles

Finding Journal Articles Online

Recommended Databases

What if CSUDH Library Doesn"t Have the Book or Article I need?

Scholarly Internet Research


Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) Notes-Bibliography System (NB)

General Research Tips

Important Definitions


The Library Homepage

Start your research by going to the University Library Homepage.


  • SEARCH BOX - Search for books and e-books here. Use the tabs at the top to search for books and articles put on reserve by your professors, to access the online databases and more.

  • ARTICLES, E-BOOKS & ONLINE SCHOLARLY RESOURCES- These links lead to pages that will help you efficiently use University Library resources.

  • REQUEST MATERIALS FROM OTHER LIBRARIES - If the book or article you need is not available at CSUDH, search for it at other libraries and request it through the Interlibrary Loan (ILL) process.

  • RESEARCH & SCHOLARLY ASSISTANCE - These links guide you through the research process and link you to the Reference Department for research assistance.

  • LIBRARY SERVICES & INFORMATION - Find your way, renew books and access other information about the Library and its services.

  • LIBRARY AFFILIATES - links to other programs within the Library.


The top menu bar provides drop down lists to resources found within the University Library web site and provides links to the Library's Twitter feed, Facebook page and other social media activities.


Here are links to Library Hours, Library Announcements and Quick Links to renew books online and email a librarian for research assistance.

Finding Books & the Checkout Process

To find a book in the University Library:
  • use the maroon colored SEARCH BOX on the homepage. 

  • search by keyword, title, author, subject, ISBN/ISSN number or call number with the dropdown selections and then put in your search term/s in the search bar on the right.   

    A few subject terms useful for this course include:
  • Los Angeles (Calif.) -- History
  • Los Angeles County (Calif.) -- History
  • East Los Angeles (Calif.) -- Ethnic relations
  • California, Southern -- History
  • Ethnicity -- California -- Los Angeles
  • Minorities -- California -- History
  • Mexican Americans --  California -- Los Angeles -- Ethnic Identity
  • African Americans  -- California -- Los Angeles -- History
  • California - Emigration And Immigration
  • West (U.S.) -- Ethnic relations
  • California families or 'name of city' families
  •  'Name of city' --  California -- History
  • Try using the terms above both as a keyword search and a subject search.  Also, if you use an asterisk at the end of the root of a word, such as famil*, the search will look for family, families, familial, etc. 
  • results will be books or journals in our collection, including eBooks you can read online.
  • when you click on a book or journal, a page will appear with a more detailed record of the book/journal (location of the book in the Library, its status  (available, checked out, lost, etc.) and subject terms). The record may also include the table of  contents and a summary. 

  • How to Use the Torofind Online Catalog is a more detailed guide on how to search the catalog and how books and journals are organized in the Library.
  • to find a book on the shelves read about our Shelving Locations.


  • To access an eBook, click the link below the title of the book. 

  • If you click on the title of the book you will get the detailed record and can follow the link from there to open the eBook.

  • The majority of our eBooks come from three major vendors: ebrary, EBSCO and Safari. Each has a different interface, so use the Help links to find out how to download, save, print, highlight pages, keep notes on pages and more.

  • All of the e-book databases allow you to create an account. Some vendors require you to register in order to download, highlight, print, etc. Registering also helps you to easily return to the book at a later time. Many of our e-books only allow one user at a time, but some others are licensed for multiple users. If you get a message that the book is in use, check back a little later to see if has been released and "put back on the shelf."

    And, be sure to exit out of the book when finished using it, as this allows it to be used immediately by other students!

Reserve Books:

  • If your professor has put a book on reserve, to be shared by the class, you can find this book by using the 2nd tab of the SEARCH BOX, COURSE RESERVES. Use the drop down fields to select either Course Number or Professor's Name, enter the corresponding search term and hit Search. The record will show you the status of the book (on the shelf, checked out, etc.).
  • To retrieve the book from the Reserve Desk (which is located on the 2nd floor, east of the entrance to the Library) print out this record, or record the title and call number, and take it to the Reserve Desk.

Checking Out Books:

  • To check out books, take them to the Circulation Counter at the Library entrance (most of the small printed journal collection is for Library use only).

  • You need a valid student ID card or a notification from Admissions & Records that you are a current student to check out books (you MUST have your student ID card with you)

  • Books are loaned for a period of 28 days; you may check out up to 30 books at a time.

  • Read more about the Circulation Policies here.

If the library does not have the book you need, you can request it via InterLibrary Loan! (remember that it takes at least a week and sometimes longer for a requested book to arrive)

Primary and Secondary Sources

When you are doing research for a History class, you will be using two types of source materials: primary source materials and secondary source materials.

What is a primary source?

  • The "raw materials" of history
  • Unprocessed data or accounts of history as it happened
  • Examples include memoirs, contemporary news reports, interviews, government reports

What is a secondary source?
  • "Processed" history
  • Existing research
  • Examples include scholarly books, journal articles, presentations and papers

Why does it matter?

In Historical research, both primary and secondary sources can play an important role even at the undergraduate level.  In much undergraduate research, only secondary sources are used, as these sources have already put the material into a form that is easy to apply to the goals required by coursework.  However, many post-graduate courses will require you to use entirely primary material and come to your own conclusions.

However, history especially places an equal emphasis on the two types of source materials.  History cannot be understood without primary sources--the "authentic voices" of history--but at the same time it is easier to understand the broader scope of things by looking at other people's research.

For instance, if you were buying a car, you would want to find out what other people who own the car think about it (secondary sources) and you would probably also want to test drive the car (primary source).  Doing one or the other would be good, but doing both would give you a much better idea of the car's quality and suitability for your needs.  The same is true in historical research.

Finding Primary Sources at CSUDH
Here are several ways you can access primary source material in our book catalog and databases:

  • In the CSUDH catalog, search for books on a topic, and then check the subjects for the word "sources".  This is the word libraries use to reference primary source material as opposed to secondary sources.
  • search for biographies and memoirs using individual's names or looking for the words "personal narrative" in a work's subject.
  • the most useful source of historical primary sources in CSUDH databases is our historical LA Times database, containing newspaper articles dating back to the 1880s.

  • The CSUDH Digital Archives offers several online collections, most of which concern local and regional history (the Los Angeles area and the California area). Access the digital collections here: http://archives.csudh.edu:2006/.
    These collections contain photographs and manuscripts that provide a unique view of contemporary local history.
  • for primary coverage of specific events or individuals, you can often find many resources available online through other universities' archives special collections.  To search just university websites using Google, you can add site: .edu  to the end of your searches or use the advanced search option. 

  • you can also check in person in the CSUDH Library's Archives and Special Collections Department.  This department holds many unpublished manuscripts, first-hand accounts and historical information.
    However, please call the Archives ((310) 243-3895) and let them know know what  you need before stopping by. Take a look at the Resources for Students page to see what you might find useful.

    You can see a list of full materials available in the archives by looking at the Guide to CSUDH Archives Collections document online.  (Table of Contents begins on page 16)

Identify, locating, and citing scholarly and peer reviewed journal articles
What is a periodical?  |  What is a periodical index?  |  What is a citation?  |  What is an abstract?  |  What is a scholarly peer-reviewed journal?  |  How can I be sure I'm consulting scholarly articles?

What is a periodical?

A periodical is a paper or electronic publication that is issued on a regular basis (quarterly, monthly, weekly, daily, etc.). Four kinds of periodicals you will find in most libraries are:

  • Newspapers - (e.g. Los Angeles Times, Washington Post) report on current events, express opinions, and publish special interest features.
  • Popular Magazines - (e.g. Psychology Today, Time, Vanity Fair, National Geographic, Us, Ebony, Mira!) present articles of popular interest on a variety of subjects.
  • Journals - (e.g. International Affairs, Journal of American History, Theatre Research International) publish articles by scholars and other experts in their fields reporting on studies and research that they have conducted in a particular subject area.
  • Trade Magazines - (e.g. Advertising Age, Journal of Accountancy) enable practitioners in a trade or profession to communicate with each other about new products and methodologies.

What is a periodical index?

A periodical index is an index to the articles in a variety of newspapers, magazines and journals.

Periodical indexes usually appear in one of two formats:

  • Electronic - Most periodical indexes are now available on the internet.
  • Paper (bound volumes) - Sometimes still used for older periodicals.

An electronic periodical index is often called an online database or simply a database.

Databases let you search by subject, keyword and a variety of other criteria for citations that lead to articles relevant to your assignment.

Many electronic and paper periodical indexes include abstracts (concise descriptions of the contents of articles) as well as citations. Many electronic periodical indexes also include convenient access to the full text of some or all of the articles to which they provide citations.


What is a citation?

A citation is a brief description of a work that provides the reader of your paper with enough information to locate the completework that you are quoting or to which you are referring in your footnoter bibliography. A citation includes:

  • the author's name
  • the title of the work
  • the location and name of the publisher
  • the year the work was published.

To fully identify a source that is part of a larger work, a citation should also include:

  • the title of a specific article or chapter
  • the volume number in which the source appeared
  • the page numbers within the larger work

When citing any periodical article, also include:

  • the author of the article
  • the title of the article
  • the name of the periodical
  • the volume, date and page numbers of the issue in which the article appears

While all the information in a citation remains as listed above, there are several different writing styles. These styles differ based on what type of class you are taking. If your professor has not mentioned which style you should use, ask!

You can locate the correct format for both electronic and paper citations in your area of study by looking in the style manual recommended by your instructor or by visiting the CSUDH Library webpage How to Cite Your Sources in a Research Paper.


What is an Abstract?

An abstract is a brief summary of a larger work such as a journal or magazine article. You can read through the abstract to decide whether an article will be helpful in your research. Remember that reading an abstract is NOT the same as reading the entire journal article—you cannot cite the article unless you locate and read the entire article!!


What is a Scholarly Peer-reviewed Journal?

You will often be asked to complete an assignment using scholarly or peer reviewed articles.

This type of periodical article is generally found in a scholarly journal. A scholarly journal is a periodical that contains articles written by and for professionals or scholars such as historians, scientists and psychologists. These publications contain:

  • articles about recent research in a particular field of study
  • articles that summarize the current state of knowledge on a topic within the field of study.

Scholarly journals are widely regarded as a reliable source of information on a topic because each article is evaluated both by an editorial board and by experts who are not part of the editorial staff before it is accepted it for publication. This process of evaluation is called the peer review or referee process.Other terms often used to refer to scholarly journals include:

  • peer-reviewed journal
  • journal
  • refereed journal
  • academic journal
  • research journal
  • juried publication

Periodical articles from magazines or newspapers provide some basic information on a topic but usually lack the depth and authority of scholarly journal articles.

Characteristics of scholarly journals:

  • authors of articles are authorities in their fields
  • most articles are reports on scholarly research
  • articles use jargon of the discipline or technical language
  • articles have little or no advertising
  • illustrations are usually charts and graphs
  • articles are usually long (more than 5 pages) and include footnotes, endnotes and lists of references (bibliographies) citing the authors' sources
  • journals are often published by professional organizations (such as the American Psychological Association)


How can I be sure I'm consulting scholarly articles?

Use an appropriate periodical index that indexes primarily scholarly journals such as JSTOR , Wilson Web , Project Muse or Medline.

Use a periodical index that allows you to restrict or limit your search to scholarly journal articles by making a checkmark in the appropriate box. Academic Search Premier, ABI Inform/ProQuest, CINAHL Plus with Full Text and many other databases offer this function.

Determine whether a particular journal you want to cite is truly a peer reviewed, refereed journal by checking the title in Ulrichs Periodical Directory online (enter the journal title and look for a small black and white referee's t-shirt icon to the left of the title).

Read through abstracts (brief summaries provided with search results in many electronic periodical indexes, and often found at the beginning of a scholarly article, just below the title)

Look for some of these characteristics of a scholarly article:

  • description of recent formal research or a scientific study conducted by the authors
  • a summary of previous work in the field by the authors
  • other researchers (literature review) references to subjects or materials that were studied and methods that were used to conduct research description of results or conclusions drawn from the research

Read the article itself, looking for:

  • technical language or jargon that belongs to a particular academic field
  • charts or graphs that illustrate results of research
  • citations to the author’s sources (other books and articles) in footnotes or at the end of the article.

View this helpful interactive tutorial: Evaluating Scholarly Content Online (takes about 5 minutes).

If you still feel you need help, contact a librarian for help.

Finding Journal Articles Online

You can find online journal articles by following this search process:

  1. Determine search terms. Brainstorm keywords that describe your topic and then think of synonyms for these terms that might appear in professional journals.
    For example: ancestry = background = lineage = descent
    Remember, different keywords will bring up different results.

  2. Click the Articles, e-Books, Online Scholarly Resources area below the search box.
    Click one of the headings that is appropriate for your research effort: Database by Subject, Database by Title, Frequently Used Databases or Journal by Title. A description of a few, select databases for this course is included below.

  3. Some databases will default to a basic search screen, others open in a more advanced search screen. The advanced search screens allow you to use the operators described below:
    • Use AND between terms to include both terms in the resulting articles; this will reduce the number of results you receive
    • Use OR between terms to expand the results to include either one term or the other
    • Use NOT to assure that results do not include a certain word

  4. Add Limiters to help narrow down the results. Each database has some sort of limitation feature (usually found in a sidebar or below the search area) that you can apply to your search. Try them out!
    Basic limiters include:
    • Selecting Scholarly or Peer Reviewed Journals
    • Changing the date range
    • Selecting the language
  5. If you find an article that is right in line with your research topic, look at the SUBJECT terms listed (usually below the abstract or summary of the article).
    Repeat the search using those subject terms as a subject field search. This will bring up similar articles.

When you find an article of interest you will have options to:

  • Open the PDF full-text format of the article (this is recommended as the PDF is the exact copy of how it appeared in the journal, thus showing tables, graphs, images and page numbers).

  • Open the HTML full-text format of the document; or

  • Click the red and white "Find it @CSUDHLib(rary) button (the document is not in the database you are searching, but is available in another CSUDH database; just follow the links to get to it).

  • If the article is not available at CSUDH, you can request it through InterLibrary Loan. It takes about a week to receive it once you submit your request. You might also ask a librarian to try  to find it elsewhere; sometimes librarians can work a little magic!
  • Many databases let you email the article or save it into a folder so you can easily go back to it. To create your own folder within the database you need to establish an account by creating a user login and password.
  • If you still aren't sure where to start or how to continue, try working through this comprehensive guide on How to Find an Article, schedule a research appointment with a librarian, or contact me at cdales@csudh.edu or 310-243-2088 for further assistance.

Recommended Databases

Library Databases:

This is a multi-subject, general database providing full-text for more than 4,600 journals, including full-text for more than 3,900 peer-reviewed titles. This is a great place to start your research.

This extensive database includes more than 2,000 journals on covering American and Canadian history. Be sure to use California, Los Angeles or other local terms in your search fields. 

Use the Advanced Search screen to search on California within the History collection. Can then use keywords on the Search Within Results box to help narrow down the findings.


    Includes full-text access to more than 350 history journals. Covers a variety of academic areas including history, anthropology and sociology. Remember that as articles are available from the first issue of the journal to the most current issue behind a one to five year "moving wall", you will not always find recent issues of a journal in JSTOR. As the default search is of the full text of articles, your results may be less precise than in other databases. Note: When you see search results, click on "Article PDF" to see the whole article (clicking on the title lets you see only the first page!)


Full-text access to the Los Angeles Times from the late 19th century to the late 20th century.

Full-text of 300+ U.S. and international news sources. Includes coverage of 150+ major U.S. and international newspapers such as The New York Times and the Times of London, plus hundreds of other news sources and news wires. For this project, however, you only need the Los Angeles Times archival newspapers. So, at the very top left of the window that pops up when you click the ProQuest Newspapers link above, click on the dropdown arrow next to Searching: 19 databases. Deselect all and then select:

  • Los Angeles Times 1985-current
  • ProQuest Historical Newspapers - Los Angeles Times 1881-1989

What if CSUDH Library Doesn"t Have the Book or Article I need?

To request a book, you can either:

  • click Search All CSU Libraries or Search WorldCat on the CSUDH University Library home page and check for holdings at other academic or large public libraries you can visit in person.
    If you want to request that a book be sent here through Interlibrary Loan (ILL), follow the links. (ILL books take at least a week, sometimes longer, to arrive here)

  • use the online ILL book request form to submit an online Interlibrary Loan request.

To request an article to which we don't have access, you can either:

  • Request an article directly when the message "Full Text of Article is NOT available in CSUDH Library. Click HERE to request item from another library" appears after you click the red and white "Find it @ CSUDH Library" icon. You will receive an email notification when the article arrives, usually within a week.
  • Use the online ILL article request form to submit an online request.

Scholarly Internet Research
  • If you decide to look on the World Wide Web for information, be aware that not all websites are created equal. Some sites, such as government sites, are valid sources of information, but others are full of opinion represented as fact. Then there are sites like Wikipedia which seem valid; however, there is no check and balance process to ensure that the information posted is correct or up-to-date.
  • Remember: Wikipedia is great to introduce you to the general background on a subject. Sometimes, even librarians will check a Wikipedia article to get quick background information on a topic new to them. The bibliography part of a Wikipedia article can provide reliable resources to help you begin your research process. But Wikipedia is not considered a scholarly source for academic research.

 These guidelines will help you assess the authoritative value of a particular website:

  • Credibility - Is it easy to figure out who's behind the information? Do they have qualifications in the field or another reason to ensure the trustworthiness of the website?
  • Accuracy - Are the sources well cited? Is the information up-to-date? Are there broad, sweeping generalizations that are impossible to verify?
  • Reasonableness - What is the point-of-view of the website? Is it a corporate page trying to sell you a product? Is it a government or educational site where the main purpose is to educate people?
  • Support - Is it possible to verify the information from another authoritative source?


For more information about judging whether a website is reliable, take a look at this YouTube video:

Useful Scholarly Websites on The Deep Web:

The results from this site bring up a number of government resources in addition to some articles in academic databases. If we subscribe to the database, the article will open for you. You can also choose to search by a few select databases and deep web search engines.

Hot Topics Guide is a selection of guides on popular topics with reliable Internet resources selected by librarians to help students gather excellent information for their papers and projects.

is a virtual library of Internet resources geared towards the university community. It contains useful Internet resources such as databases, electronic journals, electronic books, bulletin boards, mailing lists, online library card catalogs, articles, directories of researchers, and many other types of information. Not all links are current or updated, however, and searching can be frustrating.

This site aims to provide a well-organized point of access for reliable, trustworthy websites. All links on the Index are selected and approved by librarians before inclusion.

Other Online Resources

Other resources specific to this course, and that can be found online, are available from Online Resources for California and Local History. Some of these resources are hosted by archives, some by public libraries. They provide access to extensive collections of images, primary documents, oral histories, maps, and more.


What is plagiarism? - Plagiarism is "The action or practice of taking someone else's work, idea, etc., and passing it off as one's own; literary theft." (source: Oxford English Dictionary)

Instances of plagiarism include:

  • Quoting or paraphrasing someone's work in your paper without citing it
  • Expressing someone else's ideas as your own

Plagiarism is a serious matter and could result in a lower or failing grade and even expulsion from the University.

But I didn't know! - Ignorance of the law is, unfortunately, no excuse. You can commit plagiarism without meaning to, and, it's just as serious.

How can I avoid it? - You can avoid plagiarism by giving credit where credit is due and always citing your sources. Whenever you insert a quotation, re-word information you got from a source or present an idea developed by someone else, be sure to include a citation in the proper style (MLA for this class). It is important to take detailed notes on where you are finding information for your paper as you find it.  This helps to ensure you will cite the information correctly as you begin writing your paper.  

Test your knowledge about plagiarism with this fun, online game, Goblin Threat, from Lycoming College. 

Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) Notes-Bibliography System (NB)
  • This course requires that you use the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) Notes-Bibliography System (NB), to cite your sources. This style of formatting and citation is often used in history, literature and the arts, and is thoroughly documented in The Chicago Manual of Style.
  • Although several online citation editors (such as Zotero) will cite sources in this style automatically, it is essential that you first understand how to do it on your own. These free web sites are not always updated and can often be incorrect. If your professor is a stickler for correct citation usage, he/she will notice the errors almost immediately.


General Research Tips
  1. Use multiple search terms and combine them using AND, OR and NOT.
  2. Try using synonyms for your search terms.
  3. Notice the Subject terms for the articles that meet your need and search on those terms.
  4. Use database limiters to reduce search results to those of high relevance
  5. Search in multiple databases; they are all different.
  6. If using information found on the Web, use only authoritative web sites.
  7. Keep track of your citations!
  8. Don't let yourself get frustrated; ask for help either from your professor or a librarian.
  9. Relax, enjoy the process and just think about how much you are learning!

Important Definitions

ABSTRACT - a brief summary of the main content of an article.

CITATION - the basic information you need to find or cite the full-text of an article; includes article title, author's name, name of publication, date, volume & issue no. and page numbers.

DATABASE - a collection of information that is organized and easily searchable; usually in reference to electronic information.

FULL-TEXT - the complete article.

JOURNALS (scholarly or peer reviewed) - are written for experts by experts in a field. These journals are published for an academic audience.  The articles undergo a thorough peer review process before they are published.  This review process makes scholarly articles more reliable and more useful for researchers.

MAGAZINE - a publication with popular interest articles and broad subject coverage.  Targeted to the general public or specific interest groups.

PERIODICALS - are publications that are issued at regular intervals including journals and magazines.

PRIMARY DOCUMENT - this is a document that is created at the time an historical event occurred, or well after in the form of memoirs, oral histories, etc.. Primary documents include diaries, manuscripts, letters, news articles, photographs, video recordings, and more. 



Prepared by Vivian Linderman, MSLS, MPA



California Digital Newspaper Collection                                                                      http://cdnc.ucr.edu/cdnc

The California Digital Newspaper Collection contains over 400,000 pages of significant historical California newspapers published from 1846-1922, including the first California newspaper, The Californian, and the first daily California newspaper, the Daily Alta California.  It also contains issues of several current California newspapers that are part of a pilot project to preserve and provide access to contemporary papers.


California State Library – Historic Photograph  Collection                                          http://bit.ly/145IvD6

This collection includes photographs taken in Southern California as early as the mid-1800s.   


Calisphere                                       http://www.calisphere.universityofcalifornia.edu/

This free site provides access to more than 200,000 primary sources such as photographs, documents, newspapers, political cartoons, works of art, diaries, transcribed oral histories, and other cultural artifacts.  These materials reveal the diverse history and culture of California and its role in national and world history.  Nice interface, easy to search.


CSULB Oral History Project                                                                                           http://bit.ly/14ThGl2

The CSULB oral history collections have been assembled from a number of sources and cover topics ranging from women's social history, labor and ethnic studies to Long Beach Area history and the musical developments in Southern California. Some of the interviews in the Asian American, Mexican American, and women's history collections were recorded as early as 1972 and include interviews with narrators who were born in the mid to late 19th century.  Presently, more than 1000 hours with 350 very diverse narrators are available online.


Digital Archives State of California                                http://www.digitalstatearchives.com/california

 This page provides description on and links to some of the resources found on this list.


Digital Collections of CSUDH                                             http://archives.csudh.edu:2006/

Collections relating to local history include: the South Bay Photograph Collection, the Del Amo Estate Company Collection, the 1910 Los Angeles International Aviation Meet Research Collection, and the Rancho San Pedro Collection.  Subjects in the collection include the city of Compton, houses, agriculture and farming, education, transportation, religious life, oil, early planes, and aviation cartoons.


Family Search                                          https://familysearch.org/

A free web site for researching and learning about your family history.


LA as Subject                                                                                                                http://www.laassubject.org/

LA as Subject is a project of USC Libraries to preserve and archive the history of Los Angeles.  Each year the project hosts a wonderful Bazaar of LA County museums, archives, and other historical organizations that work to keep the history of the area alive.  Go to the Resources tab on the home page and try checking out some of the agencies to see what collections they have online.  Be sure to take a look at the Historical Society of Southern California.  Their online resources include biographies, essays, and more.


Long Beach Public Library – History Collection                                http://www.lbpl.org/history/default.asp

The Library’s local history collection is quite extensive and searchable from this page.  Includes historical images, newspapers, high school yearbooks, articles, and more.  


Los Angeles Public Library – Visual Collections              

This diverse collection of menus, fruit crate labels, maps, travel posters, and other historical items also includes the California Index which can be searched for information on the history of California and Los Angeles.  


Online Archive California                                                                                   http://www.oac.cdlib.org/

The Online Archive of California (OAC) provides free public access to detailed descriptions of primary resource collections maintained by more than 200 contributing institutions.  These include libraries, special collections, archives, historical societies, and museums throughout California and collections maintained by the University of California (UC) campuses.


Torrance Public Library – Historical Newspaper Archive          http://www.torranceca.gov/libraryarchive/

This online collection includes access to 100,000 digital images covering 80 years of hometown news and city and Chamber of Commerce directories.  Users can search the full text of holdings by keyword.  Newspapers include the Torrance Herald and Torrance Press and cover 1913-1969.


WorldCat                                                                                                                           http://www.worldcat.org/

An online search engine of the holdings of libraries throughout the world.  Search on your last name and ‘family history’ or the location and ‘family history’.  Results will be titles and a list of libraries that hold that title.  If interested, you can request the item through Inter-Library Loan.  


USC Digital Library                                                                                             http://digitallibrary.usc.edu/cdm/

The emphasis of the digital collection relates to Los Angeles and the Southern California Region, the Western United States and the Pacific Rim and includes digital images of drawings, illuminated manuscripts, maps, photographs, posters, prints, and rare illustrated books. You will also find audio and video recordings.