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HEA 468 — Multicultural Health - HEA 468-02

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Contact Information

Caroline Bordinaro


Beginning Research


Finding Books in the Library

Finding Magazine, Journal and Newspaper Articles

Search Tips


Quality Websites

General Research Advice


Session Evaluation

Beginning Research
  • How to get started? Follow these steps:
      1. What information do you need to find? What's your research question? Write it out as a question.
      2. Take your research question and circle the "important words".
      3. Think of at least three synonyms for each important word. Why is this important?
      4. Use these words in various combinations to get a good result (between 15-40 results is optimal).
  • Who cares about the same information? (e.g.: researchers, practitioners, government, etc.)
      • What kind of information do they need?
      • Where would they get it? How would they share it? (journal articles, conference presentations, reports, etc.)
  • Types of information available
      • Books, journals, magazines, newspapers
      • Websites, newsletters, reports
      • Others?
      • Which is best: online, print, microfilm, phone text/image, DVD?
  • What resource are you currently using? Why is it important to know?
      • Is there a better tool for the job?
      • Are you using it in the most efficient/effective way?

  • What is a primary source? What is a secondary source? Click here to find out

If you can't find anything, don't freak out and go to Google -
Ask a Reference Librarian for help!


DATABASE: An organized collection of information, especially electronic information.

ONLINE JOURNAL INDEX: A database that contains magazine, newspaper and journal articles e.g: Academic Search Premier

JOURNAL (also SCHOLARLY JOURNAL): Articles usually reviewed by experts in the field before publication; published for an academic or research audience; narrow focus; e.g.; American Journal of Psychology

MAGAZINE: Publication of general interest: popular interest and broad subjects (e.g: Psychology Today)

SUBJECT HEADINGS : Also called descriptors. Official terms used to classify items in a database.

THESAURUS: List and finding aid for official controlled vocabulary terms. Also called Topic Index or Subject List.

ABSTRACT: a brief summary of the main content of an article

FULL TEXT: the complete article. Click on the FindItCSUDH button to see if the Full Text is available.

CITATION: the essential information about a periodical article or book. May include article title, author, publication name, date, pages, volume/issue, publisher.

Finding Books in the Library

Go to TOROFIND: the CSUDH Library Catalog and search on the title, author, subject or keyword. Look not only for that specific call number, but also check out the books in that section. This is the best way to find older government documents and technical reports.

  • If you don't see the right item listed, or want more titles, try an on a few keywords (in separate boxes).
  • The item you want may not be a book. It may be some other kind of document, or it may be on microfilm.
  • If you don't find what you need, ask a reference librarian.

We also have an extensive collection of electronic books provided by several vendors:

  • http://0-site.ebrary.com.torofind.csudh.edu/images/main/ebrary_logo_small.png
  • http://0-global.ebsco-content.com.torofind.csudh.edu/interfacefiles/ Collection
  • http://0-onlinelibrarystatic.wiley.com.torofind.csudh.edu/images/brand/footer-logo.png Online Library
  • http://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/images/ucpress_rebrand.png Ebooks Collection
  • http://0-proquest.safaribooksonline.com.torofind.csudh.edu/static/201309-7389-proquest/images/6.0/logo.png
  • http://www.gale.cengage.com/gvrl/images/gvrl_header.png
Search these collections by author, title, subject or keyword.

Finding Magazine, Journal and Newspaper Articles

Here are a few more indexes in addition to the sources your professor recommends. These indexes must be accessed through the library home page at library.csudh.edu. Under Articles, E-books, Online Scholarly Resources, you may either browse by subject area or go to your favorite resource using the Alphabetical List.

NOTE: These are subscription online journal indexes, selected and provided specifically for CSUDH students. To access from home, please see our How to Log in to the Databases from Off-Campus guide for instructions.


  • Ethnic News Watch*: Published research on ethnic groups in the United States.
  • Gender Watch*: Scholarly research in the areas of women's studies, gender interaction, LGBT studies, the evolution of the women's movement and the changes in gender roles.
  • Social Sciences Full Text*: indexes publications and peer-reviewed research.
  • JSTOR: Peer reviewed journal articles on a wide range of social sciences topics.
  • SocINDEX*: offers coverage from all subdisciplines of sociology, including criminology, cultural sociology, demography, economic development, ethnic & racial studies, gender studies, politics, social psychology, social structure, urban studies, welfare, and others.

Recommended NURSING, MEDICAL and HEALTH indexes:

  • ProQuest Medical and ProQuest Nursing editions*: Covers hundreds of medical and nursing periodicals with many articles in full text.
  • CINAHL Plus with Full Text*: Nursing and allied health journals, including full text for many articles.
  • Health Source Nursing/Academic Edition*: Database includes scholarly articles in the areas of mental health, child & adolescent psychiatry and community health. The majority of full text titles are available in PDF or scanned-in-color.
  • Web Of Science: Provides authoritative, multidisciplinary coverage from more
    than 12,000 high impact research journals worldwide, including Open Access journals. Includes Arts & Humanities, Sciences and Social Sciences, all indexed back to 2003.
  • Nursing & Allied Health Collection Comprehensive: Designed for allied health professionals, students, educators and researchers, this database provides full text for nearly 400 journals covering the areas of nursing, biomedicine, health sciences, consumer health and allied health disciplines.


  • Lexis/Nexis: Excellent resource for national and international periodicals, legal and business information.
  • OxResearch: provides analytical articles covering world and regional economic and political developments of major significance.
  • CQ Researcher: complete reports on controversial health related topics and federal legislation
  • ABI/Inform Business Global*: indexes international business articles in magazines, scholarly and trade journals, newsletters and reports.  
  • Business Source Premier*: also indexes business articles in many formats. Scroll down list to find database name.


  • Academic Search Premier*: Our most popular general index. Many full-text social work articles. Easy search and retrieval. Many older articles.
  • ProQuest Databases*: Excellent multi-subject index, with many full-text articles. Very easy to search.
  • OmniFile Full-Text Mega*: Another multi-subject index. Many articles in full-text.
  • Reader's Guide Full Text*: includes indexing of over 450 periodicals as far back as 1983 and searchable full text of articles from over 250 journals as far back as 1994. PDF page images of full-text articles provide access to illustrations, photographs and other graphical content from the original article.

*To limit search to peer-reviewed journals only, look for check box next to Peer-Reviewed, Scholarly Journals, or Academic Journals on database search screen (may be in Advanced Search)

BONUS!! Check out the e-book "How to Read A Paper" on various types of research articles and what to look for in them.

Not sure how to search? Use our How To Find Articles help page for assistance.

Search Tips

Creating an effective online search:

  1. Take your research question and circle the "action words" or keywords.
  2. Think of at least three synonyms for each keyword
  3. Use these words in various combination to get a good result (between 15-40 results is optimal)
  4. Combining keywords
    • AND: use to add words to results (Asian AND culture AND medicine)
    • OR: use for synonyms or alternate words (Hispanic OR Latino)
    • NOT: eliminates any results containing word (influenza NOT H1N1)

Search Techniques:

  • Phrase searching ("Neil deGrasse Tyson" "Federal Communications Commission")
  • Advanced Search: Use this frequently to determine your search options. This will save you TIME and FRUSTRATION!
  • Find subject headings attached to useful article citations, and redo your search with these controlled vocabulary terms
  • Remember, the more words you use to search or the more limits you place on a search, the fewer results you will get. (How can you get more results?)
  • Full Text: Click on theFindItCSUDH button to find the online version of an article
  • To limit search to peer-reviewed journals only, look for check box next to Peer-Reviewed, Scholarly Journals, or Academic Journals on database search screen (may be in Advanced Search)

More Tips:

  • Always use the Print and Save functions embedded within the database instead of the browser Print or Save functions.
  • All databases function essentially the same way and have similar features. You just need to look for them.
  • If you can't find anything: don't freak out and go to Google! Ask a reference librarian for help.


What is plagiarism? - Plagiarism is "The action or practice of taking someone else's work, idea, etc., and passing it off as one's own; literary theft." (OED)

But I didn't know! - Ignorance of the law is unfortunately no excuse. You can commit plagiarism without meaning to, and it's just as serious a problem if you do.

How can I avoid it? - You can avoid plagiarism by always citing your sources. Whenever you put a quotation or borrow information heavily from a source, be sure you include a citation in the proper APA style. This will let your professor know you aren't trying to pass the idea off as your own. Taking detailed notes on where you get your information helps a lot with this, since it prevents you from forgetting which is your own work and which is borrowed from others.

Quality Websites

These are web sites and web indexes that have been reviewed by librarians. The sites have been checked for accuracy, timeliness, stability, and will generally conform to the standards of academic research. However, please be judicious in the use of websites in general, because anybody can put anything on the web.


  • World Health Organization: United Nations agency responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends.

United States Government

Other U.S.

  • Kaiser Family Foundation: Nonprofit global health foundation and policy clearinghouse providing fact sheets and current news.


Also check the Wikipedia article on AIDS for the Notes/References, Further Reading and External Links sections for more articles and complete bibliographies.

Scholarly Web Indexes and Site Evaluation

  • Infomine (infomine.ucr.edu): A project from the Univeristy of California and other universities, it is a searchable index of websites specifically appropriate for university research. Click on SocSci & Humanities to search their specialized index.
  • IPL2 - Internet Public Library: Index of websites reviewed by librarians, geared toward the general public. Choose a topic from the index or use Advanced Search to search for keywords.
  • Evaluating Information on the Web: This is a very good checklist from the Pasadena City College Library for judging the quality of not only information on the Internet, but any information you may want to use for an assignment.

General Research Advice

Use multiple search terms - Remember, not every database or article uses exactly the same words to describe the same thing. Make sure you try several synonyms for the term you're trying to find. Most databases have a link titled "thesaurus" or "subject terms" which you can use to find out what words to search for.

Search in multiple places - The more places you look for information, the more information you're likely to find. Don't just search in one database and assume it's all you'll be able to find! Take a look at the list of Useful Databases earlier on in this page for ideas about where to start your search.

Ask for help - Don't be afraid to ask for help! Research can be an exhausting process, and sometimes a fresh perspective will make your task much easier. You can stop by the reference desk in the library and ask any of the reference librarians for help with your research. You can also submit an online help request which a librarian will answer within a day or two.

Don't leave it until the last minute - The earlier you start, the better your paper will be. Starting early gives you plenty of time to read and absorb the information so that you'll be properly informed when writing your paper.

  1. Finding journal articles using Academic Search Premier (advanced search/retrieval methods, Interlibrary Loan)
  2. Accessing databases from off campus
  3. What is a Literature Review?
  4. Searching Google (section from handout) (advanced Internet search methods)
  5. OR click here to download ALL FOUR GUIDES with BONUS MATERIAL! (10pgs.)

Session Evaluation