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How to Evaluate Information on the Internet

The internet contains a lot of information on all sorts of subjects. However, not all of this information is trustworthy. By using the techniques detailed in these pages, you will be able to find reliable information on the World Wide Web.

The CARS checklist can be used to evaluate websites before using them in scholarly work. Click on a part of the Acronym to learn more about it.

Credibility   Accuracy   Reasonableness   Support    Test your knowledge


Credibility - Who said this? Will the author stand behind this information?

Checking Credibility:

  • Is the author or organization clearly stated ? if not, can you figure out from the URL or the domain where the page came from?
  • what qualifications does the author or organization have in the area?
  • is the author affiliated with an educational institution, governmental agency, or other reputable organization related to the topic of the document?
  • Is there a real world postal address, telephone number and / or e-mail address where you can contact the author or a representative of the organization for more information?

Warning Signs:

  • Anonymity (no evidence of where page originated or who created its contents)
  • Lack of quality control (illegible text or ugly appearance)
  • Signs of careless preparation such as bad grammar or spelling mistakes